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Understanding Jesus (in the Bible) – His Life & Teachings

The Christian Bible’s New Testament includes the Gospels, four different chronicles of the life of Jesus. These books are foundational for Christian belief and practice, sharing the story of Jesus’ birth, baptism, and revolutionary teachings, as well as affirming him as the Messiah. The Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John were written between about 70 and 100 CE, approximately two generations after the death of Jesus. Matthew, Mark, and Luke are known as the “synoptic” Gospels, presenting a “common view” of Jesus through shared sayings, parables, and events. John’s Gospel has a distinct focus on the divinity of Christ. While the Gospels differ in their accounts of Jesus’ life and ministry, they all provide insights into his teachings, miracles, and the impact he had on his disciples and followers.

Key Takeaways:

  • Jesus’ life and teachings are documented in the Gospels of the New Testament.
  • The Gospels were written after Jesus’ death, providing insights into his ministry.
  • Matthew, Mark, and Luke offer a similar perspective, while John focuses on the divinity of Christ.
  • The Gospels showcase Jesus’ teachings, miracles, and his impact on his disciples and followers.
  • Understanding Jesus in the Bible deepens appreciation for his life and legacy.

The Life of Jesus in the New Testament

Jesus, a central figure in Christianity, is prominently featured in the New Testament of the Bible. The Gospels of Luke and Matthew narrate his birth, which is surrounded by divine miracles and prophetic fulfillment. According to tradition, Jesus was born in Bethlehem, fulfilling the prophecy that the Messiah would come from the lineage of King David. Luke recounts the humble circumstances of Jesus’ birth, with Mary giving birth in a stable and being visited by shepherds who were guided by angels.

Matthew, on the other hand, describes the visit of wise men from the East who followed a star to find Jesus, bringing gifts to honor him. These contrasting accounts highlight the significance of Jesus’ birth and the diverse groups who recognized him as a divine figure.

The Gospels provide limited details about Jesus’ childhood, except for a notable incident when he was twelve years old. Luke mentions that Jesus was found teaching in the temple, impressing the teachers with his wisdom and knowledge. This incident foreshadows Jesus’ later role as a profound teacher and leader.

When Jesus reached adulthood, he began his public ministry with a significant moment of baptism. John the Baptist baptized Jesus in the Jordan River, marking the start of his mission to bring salvation and redemption to humanity. This event symbolizes Jesus’ commitment to his divine purpose and his deep connection to the Holy Spirit.

Key Events in the Life of Jesus

Event Description
Birth of Jesus Jesus is born in Bethlehem to Mary, a virgin, and Joseph, a carpenter from Nazareth.
Visit of Wise Men Wise men from the East visit Jesus, guided by a star, to honor and offer gifts to the newborn Messiah.
Finding Jesus in the Temple Jesus amazes the teachers in the temple with his wisdom and understanding at the age of twelve.
Baptism by John the Baptist John the Baptist baptizes Jesus, marking the beginning of his public ministry.

Teachings and Parables of Jesus

Jesus, widely recognized as a powerful and insightful teacher, employed parables to effectively convey his teachings. His messages primarily revolved around love, forgiveness, justice, and the Kingdom of God. Through these parables, Jesus illustrated fundamental principles in a manner understandable to earnest seekers of truth.

One of his most renowned parables is the story of the Good Samaritan. This parable highlights the importance of demonstrating compassion and offering assistance to others, regardless of their background or social status. Jesus emphasized the need to love one’s neighbor as oneself and to avoid passing judgment on others. He underscored the value of every human soul and emphasized the inclusive nature of God’s Kingdom.

parables of Jesus

> “But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you.” – Jesus Christ

Parables of Jesus

Parable Key Message
The Good Samaritan Show compassion and help others, irrespective of differences.
The Parable of the Prodigal Son Illustrates the forgiving nature of God.
The Parable of the Sower Teaches about the different responses people have to the teachings of God.
The Parable of the Lost Sheep Emphasizes the preciousness of each individual and God’s relentless pursuit.
  • Jesus used parables to illustrate important principles.
  • The Good Samaritan teaches compassion and helping others.
  • Love thy neighbor is a key teaching of Jesus.
  • Judging others should be avoided.
  • Every soul is valuable, and God’s Kingdom is inclusive.

Miracles and Healing by Jesus

The Gospels portray Jesus as a powerful presence, performing numerous miracles and healings during his ministry. These miraculous acts showcased his divine power and unwavering compassion for those who were suffering.

Jesus possessed the ability to heal the sick, offering relief and comfort to those in physical pain. Whether it was lepers, the blind, or those plagued by debilitating diseases, Jesus’ touch brought forth miraculous transformations. Through his healing miracles, Jesus demonstrated his authority over illness and his desire to bring wholeness to those in need.

Furthermore, Jesus possessed the power to cast out demons, liberating individuals from the grip of evil forces. The Gospels recount encounters where Jesus confronted and expelled demons, releasing people from spiritual oppression and restoring their well-being. His authority over dark forces revealed his divine nature and provided hope for those tormented by spiritual afflictions.

Jesus’ power extended even to the realm of death itself. In awe-inspiring moments, he demonstrated his ability to raise the dead back to life. His miracles of resurrection showcased his dominion over mortality and pointed to his ultimate victory over death. These extraordinary events not only brought profound comfort to grieving loved ones but also revealed Jesus’ power to conquer the most formidable of human experiences.

As Jesus journeyed throughout Galilee, word of his miraculous deeds spread rapidly, drawing crowds of people seeking his healing touch. The multitudes flocked to him, hoping to witness his power firsthand and experience the restoration he offered. Jesus became a beacon of hope, radiating the promise of healing and transformation.

Miracles of Jesus

Jesus’ healing miracles were a testament to his divine nature and his unparalleled capacity for compassion. They served as profound demonstrations of his love and care for humanity, offering physical and spiritual healing to those in need. Through his miracles, Jesus provided a glimpse of the kingdom of God, a realm where suffering and sickness are overcome, and wholeness and restoration prevail.

Jesus and His Disciples

Jesus’ message and teachings were witnessed by a group of devoted followers known as his disciples. These individuals played a crucial role in spreading his message and establishing the foundation of the early Christian movement. The Gospels mention twelve disciples who were specifically chosen by Jesus to be his closest companions.

Among the twelve disciples, three stand out as significant figures: Peter, John, and Judas Iscariot.

Peter: Peter, also known as Simon Peter, was one of the first disciples called by Jesus. He was a fisherman by trade and became known as the “rock” upon which Jesus built his church. Peter’s unwavering faith and leadership qualities played a vital role in the growth of the early Christian community.

John: John, the son of Zebedee, was another prominent disciple of Jesus. He is often referred to as the “beloved disciple” and is credited with writing the Gospel of John, as well as three epistles and the book of Revelation. John’s close relationship with Jesus gave him unique insights into the teachings and life of Jesus.

Judas Iscariot: Judas Iscariot is among the most infamous figures in biblical history. He was one of the twelve disciples chosen by Jesus but ultimately betrayed him by identifying him to the religious authorities, leading to Jesus’ crucifixion. Judas’ actions serve as a cautionary tale about the consequences of greed and betrayal.

“Follow me, and I will make you fishers of men.” – Jesus (Matthew 4:19)

These disciples played a vital role in preserving and spreading the teachings of Jesus after his death and resurrection. Their commitment to Jesus’ message paved the way for the growth and development of Christianity as a worldwide religion.

Disciple Significance
Peter Leader of the early Christian community
John Author of the Gospel of John and important spiritual insights
Judas Iscariot Infamous for betraying Jesus to the religious authorities

Jesus and His Disciples


Jesus Christ has had a profound impact on faith and history. His life and teachings continue to inspire and guide millions of people around the world. The four Gospels provide invaluable insights into the life of Jesus, his transformative message, and the miracles he performed.

Jesus’ teachings on love, forgiveness, and justice challenge believers to live a life aligned with these principles. Through his parables and examples, he emphasized the importance of loving one another, showing compassion, and treating others with kindness. Jesus’ teachings have served as a foundation for many moral and ethical values that are prevalent in societies today.

The crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus are central to the Christian belief in salvation and eternal life. His sacrifice is seen as the ultimate act of love and redemption, offering believers the opportunity to find forgiveness for their sins and have a personal relationship with God. This faith in Jesus has brought hope and transformation to countless individuals throughout history, providing a source of comfort and purpose.

Furthermore, Jesus’ influence extends far beyond religion. He has inspired countless works of art, literature, and music, and his principles of love, compassion, and justice have influenced social and political movements. The significant impact Jesus has had on human history cannot be overstated. Understanding Jesus in the Bible provides a deeper appreciation for his significance and the lasting legacy he has left.


Who wrote the Gospels in the Bible?

The Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John were written between about 70 and 100 CE. Matthew, Mark, and Luke are known as the “synoptic” Gospels, presenting a “common view” of Jesus through shared sayings, parables, and events. John’s Gospel has a distinct focus on the divinity of Christ.

How is Jesus’ birth described in the Gospels?

The Gospels provide different accounts of Jesus’ birth. In Luke, Jesus is born in a stable in Bethlehem and visited by shepherds. In Matthew, the focus is on the visit of the wise men who followed a star to honor the child.

What were some of the teachings of Jesus?

Jesus emphasized love, forgiveness, justice, and the Kingdom of God. He taught the importance of loving one’s neighbor as oneself and refraining from judging others. One of his most famous teachings is the story of the Good Samaritan, which emphasizes showing compassion and helping others.

What miracles did Jesus perform?

Jesus performed numerous miracles, including healing the sick, casting out demons, and even raising the dead. These miracles demonstrated his power and compassion for those in need.

Who were Jesus’ disciples?

Jesus had twelve disciples who were his closest companions. Among them were Peter, John, and Judas Iscariot. These disciples played a crucial role in spreading Jesus’ message after his death and resurrection.

What impact did Jesus have on faith and history?

Jesus Christ has had a profound impact on faith and history. His life and teachings continue to inspire and guide millions of people around the world. His crucifixion and resurrection are central to the Christian belief in salvation and eternal life. Jesus’ influence extends beyond religion, shaping art, literature, and the course of human history.

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  • Greg Gaines

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